Cardio dyslipidemia or as it is more commonly referred ‘high cholesterol’ is a term used to describe any abnormalities in the concentration of lipids in the blood. The term includes hyperlipidemia which refers to elevated levels of Total Cholesterol, LDL and Triglycerides in combination with an abnormally low concentration of HDL.
LDL Cholesterol is the so called ‘bad cholesterol’ as it transports cholesterol to the cells for utilisation, it is therefore one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular disease. HDL cholesterol on the other hand sometimes referred to as ‘good cholesterol’ transports cholesterol from cells to the liver where it is metabolised and eliminated.
Cholesterol and lipid levels are known to increase with age making Dyslipidemia extremely common in the general population. Dyslipidemia increases an individual’s risk of developing atherosclerosis and therefore cardiovascular disease (CVD).
There are a number of risk factors associated with Dyslipidemia
When diagnosing Dyslipidemia a clinician will usually take into consideration both background medical history and lipid profile results. The lipid profile is a group of tests comprising Total Cholesterol, HDL, LDL, Triglycerides, Apolipoproteins and Lipoprotein (a). Depending on the patients’ medical history and examination results it may also be appropriate to test for the following:
The risk of developing dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis or CVD can be dramatically reduced by changing both diet and lifestyle. Regular exercise and a diet low in cholesterol and saturated fats will help to lower LDL and Total Cholesterol levels. In some cases however treatment with lipid lowering drugs may be necessary.
For further information please view the lipid profile brochure or visit the Diagnostic reagents section of our website.