The Importance of Equine Health

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The Importance of Equine Health

With the Grand National around the corner, Randox Reagents have investigated the importance of equine health, focusing on racehorses.

Maintaining good health in racehorses is vital as proper management can reduce the incidence of many disease conditions.  Racehorses are bred, raised, and trained to perform as athletes. Therefore, it is vital that the performance health of racehorses is continually assessed to ensure that they are physically fit, happy and healthy.

 

Racehorse’s have a busy life.  They are broken in from 18 months of age, usually using traditional methods such as long reining, followed by accepting a rider and training alongside other horses.  At 2 years of age, the real training begins which focuses on fitness and speed rather than ‘schooling’ the horse in the conventional way.  This training is undertaken alongside another horse to teach the trainee horse how to race but at the same time, it is taught to settle and listen to the jockey.

In peak season, the horse’s weekly exercise regime consists of: two days of fast gallop work with steady trotting or cantering the rest of the week, with a rest day on Sunday’s (depending on races scheduled for the horse).

 

The most important bodily systems for top athletic performance in racehorses include:

Skeletal system (including bone, tendons and ligaments) problems such as torn or stretched ligaments or tendons or a broken bone will be very painful, inducing lameness and prohibiting performance

Muscles enable the horse to perform. Fatigued or damaged muscles will result in poor performance as the horse cannot generate enough energy and strength to maintain its high performance

Respiratory system (nasal passages, throat and lungs) problems prohibits the normal flow of oxygen through the body, which prohibits the energy required for exercise

Cardiovascular system (heart, blood vessels, volume of blood and red blood cells) problems prohibits the movement of oxygen from the lungs to the muscles, again prohibiting the generation of energy required for exercise.

Central nervous system (CNS) problems can result in the loss of coordination and the fine control that accompanies minor problems to the CNS can significantly prohibit exercise performance

 

Due to the intense training that racehorses undergo, it is vitally important that their health is continually assessed to diagnose and treat injuries and the jockey allows the horse time to recover from the injury.  The most common sites of injury include: forelegs, back and pelvis such as bowed tendon (tendonitis), strained suspensory ligaments, splints, osselets, sesamoid fractures, condylar fractures, knee fractures, bone chips, bucked skins and pin firing.  It is vitally important that racehorses are allowed time to rest and heal after an injury.  Training or racing a horse whilst injured can be detrimental.

 

Randox Equine Panel

Randox offer 10 scientifically proven assays for equine health which are made from the same high-quality material as our human assays, providing accurate and precise results.  These assays have extensive measuring ranges for the accurate detection of disease or inflammation which are suitable for use with serum, plasma and whole blood.  Instrument specific applications (ISA’s) are available for an extensive range of biochemistry analysers suitable for use with manual, semi-automated and fully automated analysers.

The Randox range of assays, suitable for equine use, cover a range of biomarkers:

Adiponectin is used to assess equine metabolic syndrome (EMS) which is characterised by obesity, regional adiposity, insulin resistance, and susceptibility to laminitis.  Laminitis is one of the most common causes of lameness in horses.  It is a painful and potentially crippling condition, which in severe cases usually results in the horse being humanely euthanised.

Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) levels directly correlate with the severity of muscle inflammation or damage, or liver damage. The highest levels of AST will be seen around 24hours after muscle injury and persist for 2-3 weeks.

CK-NAC is a sensitive marker for the detection of musculoskeletal diseases; and is useful to assess the extent of severe muscle trauma, crush injuries, and burns and the likelihood of developing rhabdomyolysis.

For health professionals

If you are a veterinarian or laboratory who are interested in running equine assays, Randox offer a wide range of high-quality routine and niche assays including: albumin, alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin, calcium, GLDH, glucose and urea. These can be run on most automated biochemistry analysers.

Instrument Specific Applications (ISA’s) are available for a wide range of biochemistry analysers. Contact us to enquire about your specific analyser.

For more information, email reagents@randox.com

 


Complement C4 – Biomarker for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder associated with a deficiency in complement C4.  Complement C4 is one of nine components of the complement system which is an integral part of the immune system that enhances (complements) the ability of antibodies and phagocytic cells to clear microbes and damaged cells from the host, promote inflammation, and attack the cell membrane of pathogens.

 

Complement C4 is a vital component of two immunology pathways: Classical pathway and Mannrose Binding Lectin (MBL) pathway.

The classical pathway is triggered by antibody-antigen complexes which induces a conformational change in the C1 complex.  The activated C1 complex cleaves the C4 component, resulting in a reactive C4b which covalently binds to proteins or polysaccharides at the surface in close proximity of the C1 component.  The bound C4b complexes binds to the C2 component rendering C2 for proteolysis by C1.

The MBL pathway is activated through the binding of MBL to mannose residues on the pathogen surface.  This in turn activates the MBL-associated serine proteases, MASP-1 and MASP-2, which activates the C4 and C2 components, to form the C3 convertase, C4b2a.  The C4b2a complex splits C3 into two fragments which causes the release of vasoactive mediators such as histamine.

Complement C4 deficiency is commonly associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).

According to lupus.org, 16,000 new cases of lupus are reported each year.  Approximately 1 in 250 people may end up developing SLE at some point with 90% of SLE patients being female aged between 15-44 years.  The causes of SLE are unknown, but are believed to be linked to environmental, genetic, and hormonal factors.  1.5 million Americans are living with diagnosed lupus.

There are four forms of lupus:

  • Systemic – accounts for approximately 70% of all lupus cases. In half of these cases, a major organ or tissue in the body, such as the heart, lungs, kidneys, or brain will be affected.
  • Cutaneous lupus – accounts for approximately 10% of all lupus cases and only affects the skin.
  • Drug-induced lupus accounts for approximately 10% of all lupus cases and is caused by high doses of certain medications.
  • Neonatal lupus is a rare condition in which the mother’s antibodies affect the fetus. At birth, the baby may have a skin rash, liver problems, or low blood cell counts, but these symptoms typically disappear completely after six months with no lasting effects.

The Randox Complement C4 assay

The Randox Complement C4 assay is used for the quantitative in vitro determination of complement C4 concentration in serum.  The Randox Complement C4 assay can be used as a biomarker in the diagnosis and monitoring of SLE.  It is the cell-bound levels of processed complement activation products, especially E-C4d (erythrocyte-bound C4) that makes the complement C4 assay a biomarker for SLE.

Key Features of the Randox Complement C4 assay

Liquid ready-to-use reagents – The Randox reagent comes in a convenient liquid format requiring minimal preparation thus reducing the risk of errors.

Exceptional correlation with standard methods – The Randox methodology was compared against other commercially available methods and the Randox Complement C4 assay showed a correlation coefficient of r=0.98.

Wide measuring range – The healthy range for Complement C4 is 7 -49 mg/dl. The Randox Complement C4 assay can comfortably detect levels outside of the healthy range measuring between 2.90 – 152 mg/dl.

Excellent stability – Stable until expiry date when stored at +2 to +8°C.

For health professionals

If you are a clinician or laboratory who are interested in running specific protein assays, Randox offer a wide range of high-quality routine and niche assays including:  Cystatin C, Complement C3, CRP, Lipoprotein (a), Apolipoprotein C-II, Apolipoprotein C-III and Apolipoprotein E. These can be run on most automated biochemistry analysers.

Instrument Specific Application (ISA’s) are available for a wide range of biochemistry analysers.  Contact us to enquire about your specific analyser.

For more information, download our Specific Proteins Brochure email reagents@randox.com

 

 


Randox celebrate British Science Week 2018

The theme this year for British Science Week is exploration & discovery.  Randox Laboratories was established in 1982 with the aim to revolutionise healthcare through continuously improving diagnostic solutions as diagnostics are vital to improving healthcare and disease diagnosis.  To achieve this, 28% of the total annual revenue is reinvested in R&D.

Did you know?

The RX series have analyser placements in over 120 countries worldwide

5th largest manufacturer of clinical chemistry reagents in the world.

3rd largest manufacturer of QC and calibrators globally, supplying to 60,000 labs worldwide.

Largest international EQA scheme, with more than 45,000 lab participants in 133 countries.

Patient care is the primary focus of clinical chemistry testing and Randox has developed the RX series of clinical chemistry analysers for high quality semi-automated and fully automated testing. The RX series combines robust hardware and intuitive software with the world leading RX series test menu, including routine chemistries, specific proteins, lipids, therapeutic drugs, drugs of abuse, antioxidants and diabetes testing.

Renowned for quality and reliability, the RX series has one of the most extensive dedicated clinical chemistry test menus on the market guaranteeing real cost savings through consolidation of routine and specialised tests onto a single platform. This extensive dedicated test menu of high quality reagents guarantees excellence in patient care ensuring unrivalled precision and accuracy reducing costly test re-runs or misdiagnosis and offering complete confidence in results.

The RX series offers both semi-automated and fully automated clinical chemistry analysers to suit your laboratory needs. Choose from the RX misano, RX monaco, RX daytona+, RX imola and RX modena to start your journey with the RX series today.

The market-leading reagents portfolio from Randox is internationally recognised as being of the highest quality, offering rapid and reliable results. With 118 assays, covering over 100 disease markers, Randox offers the most comprehensive product portfolio in the diagnostic market incorporating antioxidants, cardiology, diabetes, drugs of abuse, hepatic function, lipids, renal function, specific proteins, therapeutic drug monitoring and veterinary testing. Randox assays are available in a wide range of formats and methods providing greater flexibility and choice for your laboratory.  In addition to flexible pack sizes, a comprehensive list of 13,000 applications for 195 clinical chemistry analysers can be provided as dedicated reagent packs (Easy Read & Easy Fit Reagents).

Through continued exploration to expand the clinical test panels, Randox discovered numerous high performing and unique tests.  These tests are either unique to Randox or offer a superior methodology for more accurate results.  Such tests include:

– Adiponectin is a protein hormone secreted by adipocytes which has an important role in a number of metabolic processes. Adiponectin is a diabetes biomarker as adiponectin levels are inversely correlated with abdominal visceral fat (AVF) levels, which has proven to be a strong predictor of several pathologies including metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), some cancers and cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Cystatin C is a small cysteine proteinase inhibitor that is produced at a constant rate by all nucleated cells. Cystatin C is a more sensitive marker of renal function than creatinine as up to 50% of renal function can be lost before significant creatinine levels become detectable.  Cystatin C is also useful in patients where creatinine measurements are inconclusive or unreliable, such as patients who are obese, malnourished, have liver cirrhosis or reduced muscle mass.

5th Generation Bile Acids is a highly sensitive marker of hepatic function, enabling the early detection of liver disease. The Randox 5th Generation Bile Acids assay utilises an advanced enzyme cycling method which displays outstanding sensitivity and precision when compared to traditional enzymatic based tests.

The Randox High Performance and Unique Tests brochure can be downloaded here for further information.

As the aim of British Science Week 2018 is to inspire innovation and celebrate science, Randox Quality Control are celebrating the fact that we have evolved into one of the principal manufacturers of quality controls and calibrators in the world. With approximately 70% of clinical decisions based on laboratory test results, it is clear to see the significant role laboratory testing plays. Our extensive range of Acusera Controls help labs to find and correct flaws in their analytical processes before potentially incorrect patient results are released, ultimately helping to improve health worldwide.

With more than 390 analytes available across the range, labs can significantly reduce costs without compromising on quality. We specialise in consolidation, our range of multi-analyte controls is designed to cover your test menu, ultimately reducing costs, preparation and storage space for any lab.

Manufactured independently, our third-party range of controls delivers unbiased performance assessment with any instrument or method, furthermore our commutable materials are designed to mimic the patient sample and ensures accurate and reliable test results. Designed to complement our range of third party controls the Acusera 24•7 software is the only peer group program to offer automatic calculation of measurement uncertainty helping laboratories to meet ISO 15189 requirements.    Peer group statistics are also uniquely updated live, in real-time giving you access to the most up-to-date information possible enabling rapid and effective troubleshooting.

As the largest EQA scheme in the world, RIQAS (Randox International Quality Assessment Scheme) is used by more than 45,000 laboratory participants in 133 countries worldwide. Comprising 33 programmes a wide range of clinical testing is covered. Each RIQAS programme delivers high quality samples spanning clinically relevant levels to allow identification of concentration related biases; our frequent, user-friendly reporting enables early identification of system errors and our report turnaround time of less than 72 hours from the submission deadline, ensures corrective action can be implemented earlier, reducing costly errors with patient results.

Diagnostics is the key enabler to improve healthcare, patient outcomes and reduce the burden on healthcare; 80% of all medical decisions are based on diagnostic tests. In 1982, we had meagre resources, but we felt we could develop and manufacture world class diagnostic tests.  Through continuously improving diagnostic solutions through exploration and discovery, Randox are a world leading manufacturer of diagnostic solutions.

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Rare inherited diseases of copper metabolism

This year, Randox Reagents are supporting Rare Disease Day on 28th February.  Randox offer a test that aids in the diagnosis and monitoring of Wilson Disease and Menkes Disease which are rare inherited disorders of copper metabolism.

 

What is a rare disease?

According to the European Union, a rare disease is defined as a disease that affects less than 5 in 10,000 of the general population.  7% of the population will be affected by a rare disease at some point in their life.  This equates to 30 million people in Europe.

 

Wilson Disease

Wilson Disease is a rare inherited autosomal recessive disorder of copper metabolism, characterised by excessive deposition of copper in various bodily tissues, particularly the liver, brain, and corneas of the eyes.  This is due to mutations of the ATP7B gene which is responsible for encoding specific proteins that are responsible for the transportation of copper from the liver around the body, which is prohibited due to the mutations.  If left untreated, Wilson Disease can cause hepatic disease, central nervous system dysfunction, or death.  Approximately 1 in 30,000 people are affected by Wilson Disease worldwide (WDA, 2018).  The first sign of Wilson Disease is liver dysfunction in more than half of patients, beginning at six years of age, however, it usually presents clinically in teenage years or early twenties manifesting as acute hepatitis.  Some individuals with Wilson Disease have been thought to have infectious hepatitis or infectious mononucleosis and so it is vital that those with unexplained, abnormal liver tests are tested for Wilson Disease.

 

Menkes Disease

Menkes Disease is more likely to affect premature babies and is a rare inherited x-link recessive disorder of copper metabolism, characterised by sparse, kinky hair; failure to gain weight and grow at the expected rate (failure to thrive); and deterioration of the nervous system.  This is due to mutations of the ATP7A gene which is responsible for the absorption of copper from food in the small intestines and supplying copper to certain enzymes that are critical for the structure of bone, skin, hair, blood vessels, and the nervous system.  Approximately 1 in 100,000 people are affected by Menkes disease worldwide (USA National Library of Medicine, 2018).  The first sign of Menkes Disease develops at 2-3 months of age and includes curly, sparse, coarse, dull, and discoloured haired.

 

As there are no cures for Wilson Disease or Menkes Disease, treatment aids to reduce/replace copper within the body.  The Randox Copper assay can comfortably detect copper levels outside of the healthy range to aid in the diagnosis and monitoring of treatment of Wilson Disease and Menkes Disease.

 

Randox Copper Assay

The Randox Copper assay is used to measure the amount of copper in the blood; to help with the diagnosis and monitoring of rare inherited diseases related to copper toxicity (Wilson Disease) and copper deficiency (Menkes Disease).  Copper deficiency is less likely because a normal diet contains plenty of copper including organ meats, beans, and wholegrains, however, copper deficiency is more likely to occur in those who are malnourished, more likely children.

 

For more information visit: https://www.randox.com/copper

 

To request an application for your specific analyser, contact reagents@randox.com


Acetaminophen-Induced Acute Kidney Failure

Acetaminophen is a commonly used medicine for pain-relief.  During cold and flu season, it is common to resort to pain-relief medicines to relieve headaches, and ache and pain symptoms associated with a cold or flu as there is no cure.  However, the therapeutic range for acetaminophen is 10-30 mg/l, which is small and very easy to go over.  During cold and flu season, it is important to monitor the amount of paracetamol entering your body as acetaminophen is more dangerous than suspected.  At therapeutic levels, acetaminophen does not produce any adverse effects, however, long-term treatment, prolonged use, and taking a few more than the recommended dose can be severely damaging and fatal.  Accidental acetaminophen overdose took the lives of 1,500 people in the U.S between 2001 and 2010.  The Randox Acetaminophen assay is used to determine the concentration levels of acetaminophen in the blood to determine if an overdose has taken place.

 

It is commonly recognised that acetaminophen overdose causes hepatotoxicity, but it is less commonly recognised that it can also cause nephrotoxicity in less than 2% of patients.  Nephrotoxicity is toxicity of the kidneys and is often associated with a reduced amount of glutathione which is important for normal cellular metabolism in the kidneys.  The Randox Glutathione Reductase assay is required for the regeneration of reduced glutathione.  Glutathione is often discussed in association with the Randox Glutathione Peroxidase, which requires reduced glutathione for activation.  Both Glutathione reagents are unique to Randox.

 

Acute renal failure due to acetaminophen manifests as acute tubular necrosis, which can occur alone or in combination with hepatic necrosis.  Nephrotoxicity can also occur when the therapeutic levels of acetaminophen are not exceeded.  This most commonly occurs when acetaminophen is taken in combination with alcohol.  Upon testing acetaminophen levels and the results fall within the therapeutic range, the Randox Ethanol assay can test alcohol levels to determine if a combination of alcohol and acetaminophen caused nephrotoxicity.  Renal impairment may be more common than previously suspected as acute renal failure occurs in 10-40% of patients with severe hepatic necrosis.  Upon testing acetaminophen to determine toxicity, Randox also offer the following renal tests to test for nephrotoxicity:

 

For more information visit: https://www.randox.com/acetaminophen

To request an application for your specific analyser, contact reagents@randox.com


The Complete Solution to Cardiac Risk Assessment

“CVDs are the number 1 cause of death globally: more people die annually from CVDs than from any other cause”.  In 2015, roughly 17.7 million people died from CVD, representing 31% of all global deaths: 7.4 million were due to coronary heart disease and 6.7 million were due to stroke. (WHO, 2017)

 

Cardiac health and regular cardiovascular screening is important to enable risk factors to be detected in their earliest stages.  There are a few factors which contribute to CVD.  These include: smoking, unhealthy diet, excessive alcohol consumption, low physical activity levels.  Whilst there are only a few factors contributing to CVD, these can be maintained by the patient through living a healthy lifestyle including: quitting smoking, consuming no more than the recommended allowance of alcohol, cutting out junk food, and exercising for 30 minutes a day, 3 – 5 days a week.  In a perfect world, this would be easy and CVD would not be a global problem.  However, due to busy lifestyles, cravings, reduced willpower, and convenience, not all individuals in today’s world will be able to avoid CVDs.  Therefore, it is vitally important that individuals are tested for CVDs to detect them in the earliest stages to reduce damage, prevent further damage, or even death.  Furthermore, many individuals suffer from inherited cardiac risk factors, which stresses the need for accurate testing of both traditional and novel cardiac risk biomarkers.

 

Randox offer the complete solution to cardiac risk assessment including: RX analysers, traditional and novel reagents, internal quality control (Acusera), and external quality control (RIQAS).

 

RX Series

Randox has developed the RX series range of clinical chemistry analysers for high-quality semi-automated and fully automated testing. Choose between the RX misano, RX monaco, RX daytona+, RX imola, and the RX modena depending on the throughput of your laboratory. The RX series offers a suitable analyser for your laboratory’s needs.  For more information on the Randox RX series, please click here or email therxseries@randox.com

 

Reagents

As previously mentioned, early assessment of cardiac risk is vital. Randox offer a range of novel risk biomarkers for both very early and the genetic assessment of cardiac risk.

LDL cholesterol is often referred to as the ‘bad cholesterol’.  High concentrations of LDL-cholesterol is considered to be the most important clinical predictor, of all single parameters, with respect to coronary atherosclerosis.  However, sLDL is a smaller, more dense subfraction of LDL-cholesterol.   sLDL particles more readily permeate the inner arterial wall and are more susceptible to oxidation.  Individuals with a predominance of sLDL have a 3-fold increased risk of myocardial infarction.  Measurement of sLDL allows the clinician to get a more comprehensive picture of lipid risk factors and tailor treatment accordingly.

Elevated levels of Lp(a) are considered to be both a casual risk factor and independent genetic marker of atherosclerotic disorders.  The major challenge associated with Lp(a) measurement is the size variation of apo(a) within Lp(a).  Dependent upon the size of apo(a) in the assay calibrator, many assays under or overestimate apo(a) size in the patient sample.  Numerous commercially available products suffer apo(a) size related bias, resulting in an over estimation of Lp(a) in samples with large apo(a)molecules and an under estimation in samples with small apo(a) molecules.  The antibody used in the Randox method detects the complete Lp(a) molecule providing accurate and consistent results.  This was proven by the IFCC who developed a gold standard ELISA reference assay and compared 22 commercially available tests.  The Randox Lp(a) method displayed the least (minimal) amount of apo(a) size related bias, proving it be a superior offering.

HDL3 Cholesterol is a smaller and more dense subfraction of the HDL particle.  HDL is the scavenger of cholesterol within arterial walls and the levels of HDL3 is too low, the ability to remove this cholesterol is reduced.  Therefore, it is widely accepted that there is an inverse correlation between HDL3 and CVD risk.

Instrument Specific Applications (ISA’s) are available for a wide range of biochemistry analysers.  Contact us to enquire about your specific analyser.

For more information on Randox Reagents, please click here or email reagents@randox.com

 

Acusera – Internal Quality Control

The Acusera cardiac controls have been designed to cover a wide range of cardiac markers at clinical decision levels, eliminating the extra expense of an additional low level control.  The controls are available in a both liquid ready-to-use and lyophilized formats making them ideal for all situations and manufactured from 100% human serum a matrix similar to that of the patient is guaranteed.  For more information on the Randox Acusera internal quality control, please click here or email acusera@randox.com

 

RIQAS – External Quality Control

The RIQAS Liquid Cardiac EQA programme is designed to monitor the performance of up to 9clinically significant cardiac markers including: CK-MB mass, D-dimer, Digoxin, homocysteine, hsCRP, myoglobin, NT proBNP, troponin I, and troponin T.  RIQAS is ISO/IEC 17043 accredited and allows the registration of up to five instruments at no extra cost.  All samples are 100% human serum and provided in a liquid ready-to-use format for enhanced convenience.  Submit your results bi-weekly and view reports online via RIQAS.Net.  For more information on RIQAS, the world’s largest international EQA scheme, please click here or email acusera@randox.com

 

For further information, please contact the Randox PR team via email: randoxpr@randox.com or phone 028 9442 2413

cardiac

 


Liver Cirrhosis is a Global Health Burden

#LoveYourLiver this January.  This month, we are taking a closer look at Liver Cirrhosis.

 

Liver cirrhosis occurs when the healthy tissue of the liver is replaced with scar tissue (fibrosis) due to long-term liver damage.  Liver cirrhosis can result in liver failure which can be fatal.

 

Liver complications such as liver disease and cirrhosis can be detrimental if it is not treated or monitored.  Liver disease is the only major cause of death still increasing year-on-year.  Globally, deaths due to liver cirrhosis have increased from 676,000 in 1980 to over 1 million in 2010 (NCBI, 2014).   Cirrhosis and other chronic liver diseases have increased by 12.4% from 2006-2016 and was the cause of 1,256,900 deaths in 2016 (Global Burden of Disease, 2016).

There are a few factors that increase the risk of liver cirrhosis.  The three main factors are heavy alcohol consumption, an undiagnosed hepatitis infection, particularly hepatitis C, and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (a more severe form of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) due to obesity.

 

There are numerous symptoms associated with liver cirrhosis.  Some of the more severe symptoms include:

  • Jaundice – yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes
  • Personality changes, confusion, difficulty concentrating, memory loss, or hallucinations
  • A tendency to bleed or bruise easily
  • In women, abnormal periods
  • In men, enlarged breasts, a swollen scrotum (the loose sac of skin that contains the testicles) or shrunken testicles
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach pain – swollen or bloated stomach

Liver cirrhosis cannot be cured, but the aim of treatment is to manage the symptoms and complications, and to stop the condition getting worse.

#LoveYourLiver and prevent or reduce the symptoms of liver cirrhosis through: moderating alcohol consumption, not sharing needles to inject drugs, using a condom during sex, taking medications as prescribed, and maintaining a healthy weight.

 

The early stages of liver cirrhosis usually does not present any symptoms and is often first detected using routine blood tests.  Liver cirrhosis can be diagnosed and monitored through the following routine blood tests:

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT)

ALT is one of the enzymes within the aminotransferases group and are among the most sensitive liver enzymes. The normal concentration levels of ALT in the blood are low, however, when the liver is damaged, such as liver cirrhosis, the levels of ALT increase.  During the diagnosis of liver cirrhosis, the root cause of the damage can be established, such as disease, drug or injury.  ALT is commonly measured alongside AST as part of the hepatic panel.

Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST)

AST is an enzyme found throughout the body. Elevated concentration levels of AST in the blood is directly correlated to the severity of the tissue damage.  AST also allows for the root cause of the damage to be diagnosed.  Excessive levels are indicative of damage due to acetaminophen overdose or acute viral hepatitis.  Moderately high levels are indicative of alcohol abuse.  Slightly high levels are indicative of cirrhosis.

AST is commonly measured alongside ALT as part of the hepatic panel, although ALT levels are higher in most types of liver damage.

Albumin

Albumin is a special protein made in the liver and provides the body with the proteins it requires to grow and repair tissue. The body requires a proper balance of albumin to prevent fluid from seeping out of blood vessels.  Decreased concentrations levels of this protein in the blood is an indicator of liver cirrhosis.

 

Randox supply a range of third party clinical diagnostic hepatic reagents to aid in the diagnosis and managing the complications of liver cirrhosis.  All reagents are available for use on a range of third party biochemistry analysers.  Randox offer the following hepatic reagents to diagnose liver cirrhosis:

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT)

Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST)

Albumin

Randox also offer the following high performance and unique tests to diagnose liver cirrhosis:

5th Generation Bile Acids

Vanadate Oxidation Bilirubin

 

Why choose Randox reagents?

  • Randox offers the largest range of chemistries
  • Liquid ready-to-use reagents available
  • Automated applications for a wide range of clinical analysers
  • Excellent correlation to reference methods
  • Wide measuring ranges
  • Flexible pack sizes
  • Official accreditation to national and international standards including UKAS, ISO 13485:2003, and FDA.
  • Easy fit reagents
  • Easy read reagents

 

To request an application for your specific analyser, contact reagents@randox.com

 

For more information on liver function or to view our hepatic panel, visit https://www.randox.com/liverfunction/


The RX series celebrate Diabetes Awareness Week

This week the RX series team celebrate Diabetes Awareness Week. This is an annual event in the UK calendar, giving public the chance to raise as much awareness as possible for the condition and get involved with taking preventative action.

Diabetes is a chronic disease which causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high. Since 1996, the number of people diagnosed with diabetes in the UK has risen from 1.4 million to 3.5 million. Of these, about 270,000 have type 2 diabetes and around 300,000 have type 1 diabetes. ₁

Diabetes prevalence in the UK is likely to rise to 5 million by 2025, therefore if we know our risks and are aware of symptoms, we can do something about this staggering figure. Certain risks associated with diabetes include age, family history, high blood pressure and being overweight. As this disease continues to challenge healthcare today it is important we take action on Diabetes Awareness Week.

Signs and symptoms of diabetes include unexplained weight loss, frequent urination, tiredness and lack of energy, excessive thirst, blurred vision, tingling sensation/numbness in the hands or feet and slow-healing wounds.

Whilst the condition cannot be cured, it is treatable and can be managed and controlled with different treatments to suit different people. There are several assays that Randox have developed to monitor and diagnose diabetes. These include; Fructosamine, Glucose and HbA1c. Monitoring diabetes is hugely important to ensure that you are safe from complications.

The RX series includes a vast Diabetes test Panel.

#DiabetesAwarenessWeek has allowed us to focus on how we can take action by diagnosing and monitoring diabetes effectively.  See below three tests run on the RX series for monitoring and diagnosing diabetes.

Glucose

High levels of glucose present in the blood over a sustained period of time can end up damaging the blood vessels. Glucose comes from carbohydrate foods and it is the main source of energy used by the body. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body’s cells use the glucose and helps ensure levels don’t rise too high.

HbA1c

HbA1c is a very common test used indicating the blood glucose levels for the previous two to three months. HbA1c levels are directly correlated with increased risk of diabetes related deaths, making HbA1c tests vital.

Fructosamine

Fructosamine testing enables an accurate review of a person’s average blood glucose level, and therefore diabetic status over a period of 2-3 weeks. Fructosamine testing is required for medication changes, gestational diabetes, red blood cell concerns and comorbidities.

 

If you would like to educate yourself more on Diabetes, including the diagnosis and monitoring, complications monitoring and associated biomarkers visit our website. We also have a full test menu available here.

Check out www.diabetes.org.uk for ways in which you can be a part of Diabetes Awareness Week this 2017!

Don’t forget to keep posted on our social media accounts for more educational information all week, remember use the hashtags to join in! #KnowDiabetes #DiabetesWeek #FightDiabetes

  1. Diabetes UK. (2017). Facts and Figures . Available: https://www.diabetes.org.uk/Professionals/Position-statements-reports/Statistics/. Last accessed 14th June 2017

Zachowanie precyzji jest kluczem do podejmowanie decyzji diagnostycznych

Randox Laboratories oferuje kompleksowe rozwiązania w zakresie testów lipidowych i kardiologicznych. Wysokiej wydajności odczynniki do wykrywania standardowych czynników ryzyka i odczynniki wskazujące biomarkery, powiązane z podwyższonym ryzykiem w połączeniu z ofertą kontroli jakości obejmującą szeroki zakres markerów kardiologicznych oraz lipidów na istotnym klinicznie poziomie, co tworzy zróżnicowany produkt, który spełnia wymagania każdego laboratorium.

Odczynniki firmy Randox do testów kardiologicznych i lipidowych

W obliczu potrzeby prowadzenia bardziej rozbudowanej analizy profilu lipidowego, w celu dokładniejszej oceny ryzyka zapadalności na choroby układu krążenia, zarówno w przypadku najczęściej ocenianych jak i mniej popularnych czynników ryzyka, pojawiło się zapotrzebowanie na narzędzia umożliwiające identyfikację oraz redukcję ryzyka. Firma Randox oferuje złożony produkt, którego profil kardiologiczny obejmuje zarówno wysokoprzepustowe odczynniki służące detekcji najczęściej testowanych czynników ryzyka jak i odczynniki do badania biomarkerów związanych z oceną późniejszej zapadalności na chorobę.

Kontrola jakości Acusera do lipidów

Kontrola jakości Acusera do lipidów jest wytwarzana w 100% z ludzkiej surowicy w celu zapewnienia, najbardziej zbliżonego materiału do próbek pacjentów. Jak wszystkie nasze kontrole lipidowe są liofilizowane, nie zawierają one żadnych stabilizatorów ani konserwantów, które mogą mieć wpływ na ogólną wydajność kontroli. Kontrole Lipidowe, wieloparameterowe, odpowiednio skonsolidowane mają czteroletni okres trwałości materiału od daty produkcji co gwarantuje optymalizację kosztów w laboratorium.

W celu uzyskania dalszych informacji na temat zakresu testów kontroli lipidowych  zapraszamy na stronę www.randox.com/lipid-quality-controls/ lub prosimy o kontakt pod adresem acusera@randox.com

Płynna kontrola lipidowa Acusera

Złożona kontrola zaprojektowana do stosowania w rutynowym monitorowaniu dokładności i precyzji. Wartości mianowane i zakresy przypisane są do poszczególnych analizatorów (biochemicznych, immunologicznych i POCT) dla 8 markerów kardiologicznych.

Wygodna forma płynna kontroli, gotowa do użycia od razu skraca czas przygotowywania a stabilność próbki 30 dni po otwarciu dla wszystkich parametrów minimalizuje ilość odpadów oraz redukuje koszty. Dostępne są 3 poziomy kontroli pokrywające cały zakres badań, co pozwala ma wiarygodną ocenę wydajności oraz podejmowanie właściwych decyzji.

W celu uzyskania dalszych informacji na temat zakresu testów kontroli lipidowych zapraszamy na stronę http://www.randox.com/liquid-cardiac-quality-control/ lub prosimy o kontakt pod adresem acusera@randox.com


Randox celebrates British Science Week 2017

Randox celebrates British Science Week 2017

 

Last week was British Science Week 2017, an annual campaign that aims to inspire innovation and celebrate science. To mark the occasion, Randox Laboratories got involved by celebrating the innovation of each Randox product group. The product groups within Randox shared a series of posts, videos and blogs showcasing the #ScienceBehindRandox throughout British Science Week.

Randox

To initiate the Randox British Science Week campaign, Randox shared this video, which highlights the company’s dedication to improving health worldwide. The video provides an introduction about each product group, however throughout British Science Week, each product group has gone into further detail about the #ScienceBehindRandox.

Randox Careers, the RX series, Randox Reagents, Randox Quality Control, Randox Toxicology, Randox Biosciences, Randox Testing Services, & Randox Food Diagnostics all got involved in the British Science Week Campaign. You can read a snippet of each product groups post below, with videos and links to the full content also provided. We hope you enjoy learning about the #ScienceBehindRandox.

Randox – Dedicated to improving health wordwide.

Randox Careers

Joanne Darragh spent some time with Randox Careers to discuss her role as R&D Toxicology Manager.

“Working in this area has been both challenging and exciting as we are at the cutting edge of assay development.  We work in a great team and we work along very closely alongside other departments such as Marketing & Sales so that we are in close contact with what the customer needs, which means we are producing relevant tests very quickly and effectively.  Every day brings a new challenge.”

– Joanne Darragh, R&D Toxicology Manager

Listen to what Joanne had to say on the video above

Randox RX series

As part of British Science Week, the RX series caught up with Daniel Melly, one of our very talented Mechanical Design Engineers based in Randox Teoranta in Dungloe, Ireland.

Daniel was an integral part of the team involved in the design of our new semi-automated analyser, the RX misano. The RX series asked Daniel a few questions about why Randox created this analyser, the design process involved in creating such a unique system, and what his favourite features are.

Randox set out in creating the RX misano with the philosophy of supplying the customer with a more modern, reliable, and aesthetically pleasing analyser than those that are currently available on the market. Robust part selection was always at the fore of any design decisions, and we feel that we have delivered on all of these requirements.” 

– Daniel Melly, Randox Mechanical Design Engineer

Read the full interview the RX series had with Daniel here

The RX misano is currently unavailable to purchase in Germany

Randox Reagents

One unique test by Randox, adiponectin, is becoming an increasingly significant biomarker for health professionals. Low levels have been linked with several illnesses including metabolic syndrome, cancer and cardiovascular disease.

What is adiponectin?

Adiponectin is a protein hormone produced and secreted by fat cells called adipose tissue. Adiponectin is normally found in relatively high concentrations in healthy individuals. Its role in the body is to regulate the metabolism of lipids and glucose, which influences the body’s response to insulin and inflammation.

At Randox, our R&D Scientists are helping to change healthcare. By investing heavily into research and development to develop unique diagnostics tests, such as the adiponectin test, Randox provide doctors with the ability to identify disease risk sooner- offering the opportunity to prevent illness, rather than the need to find a cure.

adiponectin

Read the full Randox Reagents blog entry here

Randox Quality Control

One Simple Change to Randox Quality Control can save your laboratory time and money.

Randox Quality Control are a world leading manufacturer of true third party controls with over 390 analytes covering Antioxidants,  Blood Gas, Cardiac Markers, Routine Chemistry, Coagulation, Haematology, Diabetes, Immunoassay, Immunology, Lipids, POCT, Therapeutic Drugs, Toxicology and Urine Chemistry, providing complete test menu consolidation. Randox Quality Control produces the most consistent material available with the most accurate target values.

Randox Quality Control guarantee to simplify QC practice in any laboratory, just ask one of their 60,000 users worldwide.

Find out more information about Randox Quality Control in the video above

Randox Toxicology

Randox Toxicology provides trusted solutions for the screening for drugs of abuse. With significant reinvestment in Research and Development, we persistently stay ahead of this ever challenging market.  Being the first to develop New Psychoactive Substances tests such as fentanyl, bath salts and flakka allows us to maintain our position as a global leader.

Our pioneering technology has created a number of advancements in the field of toxicology. In particular, our patented Biochip Array Technology which can simultaneously screen from a multi-analyte testing platform, achieving a complete immunoassay profile from the initial screening phase.

Read the full Randox Toxicology blog post here

Randox Biosciences

During British Science Week, we are delighted to introduce you to our latest development utilising this technology; our Gastropanel Array,* a multiplex test engineered to diagnose those at risk of developing peptic ulcers and gastric cancer using non-invasive methods.

Our Gastropanel Array encompasses two quantitative assays, a H. pylori assay  for the detection of antibodies produced in response to a H. pylori infection, a common cause of gastric cancer1 as well as a 3plex Gastropanel assay, for the detection of pepsinogen I (PGI), pepsinogen II (PGII) and gastrin 17 (G17).

Currently recorded as the world’s 5th most common cancer, the majority of gastric cancer cases are diagnosed after presenting as an emergency, when treatment may be less effective due to the cancer being at an advanced stage, highlighting the need for the availability of diagnostics tests like our Gastropanel Array to enable practitioners to administer prompt treatment and ultimately increase survival rates on a global scale.

Read the full Randox Biosciences blog here

Randox Testing Services

Randox Testing Services have shown how they are at the forefront of continually reacting and developing tests for NPS. NPS (formerley known as Legal Highs) have had devastating effects on users since emerging in the UK in 2008. These substances are highly dangerous and have caused unnecessary deaths. This is due to the effects from different elements used in production. Legislation concerning the substances changed in 2016 with the implementation of the Psychoactive Substance Act.

How have Randox Testing Services implemented change? Find out in the video above

Randox Food Diagnostics

Of the 41 antibiotics that are approved for use in food-producing animals by the FDA, 31 are medically important for human health. Randox Food Diagnostics provides advanced screening solutions for 94% of these antibiotics including beta-lactams, quinolones and tetracyclines, allowing you to ensure the integrity of your end product without compromising quality. Randox Food provides multiplex screening solutions validated across a range of matrices including urine, serum, tissue, milk, honey and feed.

The Evidence Investigator matched with Biochip Array Technology (BAT) provide the end user with fast, reliable results to aid in ensuring your produce is antibiotic free. BAT provides a platform for the simultaneous determination of multiple drug residues from a single sample using miniaturised immunoassays with implications in the reduction of sample/reagent consumption and an increase in the output of test results. 

To read Randox Food Diagnostics full blog click here

We hope you enjoyed our informative British Science Week content from each of our Product Groups.

Look out for our Quiz later this week to test your knowledge on the #ScienceBehindRandox

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